In the second paper of a series of two devoted to the search for Ultra-High Energy (UHE) neutrinos at the Pierre Auger Observatory, the Pierre Auger Collaboration has addressed the sensitivity of the Surface Detector array (SD) to steady and transient point sources of UHE neutrinos as a function of declination.
This data-based method Improves the accuracy on the determination of the energy of cosmic rays with the Pierre Auger Observatory by 5%.
The Pierre Auger Collaboration measured a dipolar anisotropy in the arrival-direction distribution of the cosmic rays with energies in excess of 8x1018 eV, finding that the flux is about
6.5% larger than the average in one direction of the sky and it is correspondingly smaller in the opposite direction.
Extensive air showers, initiated in the Earth’s atmosphere by high-energy cosmic rays, emit pulsed radio signals with a typical duration of tens of nanoseconds.
The Pierre Auger Collaboration finds an indication that some galaxies may be better partners of cosmic rays at the highest energies than others.